Solid Surfaces are typically considered a man made, non-porous material often made of a combination of marble dust, bauxite, acrylic or polyester resin, and pigments (commonly about 1/3 acrylic resin and 2/3 natural minerals). Solid Surface was pioneered by dupont in 1967 under the name “Corian”.
Other manufacturers have surfaced since the expiration of the patent such as, LG (Hi-Macs)
and WilsonArt (Solid Surface) among others.
Solid surface can be jointed almost invisibly by a trained craftsmen. It is manufactured most commonly in sheet form varying from 1/4″, 1/2″, or 3/4″ (with 1/2″ being themore common).
Solid surface is still sensitive to intense heat, with temperatures above 212 degrees fahrenheit being an approximate threshold of visible damage. However it is resistant to staining and bacteria growth because of it’s non- porous nature. Scratched or broken surfaces can often be repaired by trained craftsman. Also because of it’s monolithic nature, a worn countertop can often be refinished and rejuvenated. Finishes range from Matte to High Gloss, with most manufacturers/suppliers recommending matte or satin finish for maintenance ease.
Solid surfaces have become popular in hospital settings because it’s seamless nature inhibits bacteria growth. Miter joints are discouraged in favor of butt joints to reduce material waste. A typical solid surface project will be fabricated in the workshop with the final product being assembled and installed at the work site.
Common tools used are table saws, section cup grips, clamps, templates, drills, and routers.
Joints can be made seamless by joining the pieces with a suction seaming tool and color matched 2-part epoxy.
The joint is then sanded and then polished.
Solid surface is typically categorized in particular groups A through D with D being the most expensive.